Bangladesh is bounded
by the State of West Bengal in the West, State of Assam in the North, State of
Tripura in the East and Bay of Bengal in the South. The two sea ports of
Bangladesh are Chittagong and Mongla. There is a dry port situated in Dhaka
known as Kamalapur ICD, the only ICD in the Country linked by Rail connection.
The Chittagong Port is
the main seaport of Bangladesh located on the bank of the
Karnaphuli River, and is the core port of countries dependent on the Bay
of Bengal. According to Lloyd's, it ranked as the 58th busiest container
port in the world in 2019. Located in the Bangladeshi port city
of Chittagong and on the banks of the Karnaphuli River, the port
of Chittagong handles ninety percent of Bangladesh's export-import
trade, and has been used
by India, Nepal and Bhutan to join
for transshipment. The port is one of the oldest in the world.
Congestion is a major challenge in Chittagong port. The port had a
congestion rate of 84.3 hours between January and July in 2017.
General Cargo Berths : 10 nos
Container Berths : 06 nos
permissible draft range from 8.50 Meter to 9.20 Meter
navigation is restricted to the Vessels having 153 Meter Length Overall
Port of Mongla
The Port of Mongla is
the second busiest seaport of Bangladesh. It is located in
Bagerhat District in the southwestern part of the country; and lies 62
kilometres (39 mi) north of the Bay of Bengal coastline. Mongla
is one of the major ports of the Bengal delta. Mongla is located 48
kilometres (30 mi) from the city of Khulna, which is a regional
industrial center. Due to increasing congestion in Bangladesh's largest port
in Chittagong, many international shipping companies have turned to Mongla as
Mongla is a gateway for tourist ships traveling to two UNESCO
World Heritage Sites in the region, including the Sundarbans and
the Mosque City of Bagerhat. The port also hosts the Mongla Export
Processing Zone (Mongla EPZ).
The port has 11
jetties and 8 warehouses. It uses 12 swinging moorings in deeper sections in
the river. The port is connected by the Bangladesh Railway to the
Khulna Metropolitan Area.
In 2015–16, 636 ships used Mongla port Mongla is connected to
most major ports in the world, particularly Asian ports. Hundreds of ships use
the port each year, most of which come via Singapore, Hong
Kong and Colombo. Mongla is also connected to most inland
ports in Bangladesh, including the Port of Dhaka and
the Port of Narayanganj.